It’s inevitable. Many people engaged in sports and other sporting activities suffer from different kind of injuries. They break a bone, sprain their muscles or experience a sore back, or worse, get hospitalized.
Here are some of the more common sports injuries that happen to athletes from time to time.
Runners or athletes who participate in jumping and running events often suffer from this kind of injury. Achilles tendinitis involves the tendon at the back of the ankle which when strained or overused, gets inflamed, resulting in pain known as acute Achilles tendinitis. If the injury gets worse than usual, this might cause the runner not to indulge in his activities for awhile since it would make him impossible to run.
Treatment includes strengthening and stretching exercises, rest, compression and elevation, and anti-inflammatory medications. Don’t go back into the sport unless the injury is completely healed.
A blow or a bump in the head often results in a concussion as suffered by those in different fields (football, hockey, soccer, boxing, gymnastics and even skiing). Symptoms include dizziness, loss of balance, amnesia, nausea, difficulty concentrating and in some instances, vomiting. While most people who suffer from this recuperate after a few days, there are those who experience multiple concussions which lead to permanent damage.
The key to avoiding concussions is not to indulge in any contact sports but for some people, this may not happen entirely. When blows occur, rest and take some medications. Consult doctors and health professionals if symptoms persist.
Those who are into contact sports such as football, volleyball, racket sports, soccer and hockey may also experience groin strain or adductor muscles, those muscles that are positioned in the upper thigh which helps pull the legs together. This happens when you inadvertently and suddenly change directions such as when during a basketball game. Symptoms are the following: swelling, sharp pain and the bruising inside the thigh.
To avoid groin strain, stretch properly before going for a run. Also, slowly increase the rate of the activity rather than jumping into it immediately. Rest and several medications may also help you get back on your feet.
Ironically most people who don’t really exercise can suffer from a couple of sports injuries, such as going into lunges (for the first time) without the proper stretching exercise or balance, or wearing shoes that are worn-out. They can experience shin splits or the inflammation of the muscles that surround the inner side of the shinbone.
Prevention involves wearing of good pair of shoes, and stretching before any kind of exercise. The treatment, meanwhile, entails applying cold compress at the affected area and to rest.
Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain is actually one of the less common types of sports injuries but can still affect people who are into sports and exercise. Among them include runners, bikers or cyclists, tennis players, golfers and baseball players. This injury has many names (back spasms, bulging discs). The most common reason of lower back pain is improper stretching.
Although many lower-back injuries may not be totally prevented, proper stretching before doing any types of activities will lessen the risks. Anti-inflammatory medications and rest may also do the trick.
A pulled muscle occurs when an athlete – a basketball or a soccer player, a runner or a jogger doesn’t warm up properly or if they become too weak from all the physical activities. Fatigue and lack of flexibility may also lead to a pulled hamstring or calves.
Before and after each exercise, it is best to stretch properly and to avoid working out when tired or exhausted. When injuries occur, the only viable method is to take some rest and take anti-inflammatory medicines.
Tennis or Golf Elbow
Athletes who often use their elbows are more prone to getting tennis or golf elbow. A little swing there and little swish there affect the inside of the elbow, although in some cases, the injuries also happen outside. The pain that can transpire after this is the consequence of the inflammation of the epicondyle, that area inside the elbow where the upper arm is attached to the flexing muscle.
Those with tennis or golf elbow injuries can practice forearm-strengthening exercises such as reverse wrist curls, wrist curls, or by squeezing a soft and rubber ball. Medications may also work as well as a couple of rest days for the affected person.
Sudden and immediate movements cause ankle sprains which can result in the tearing of the ligaments or tendons, and which, in turn, can lead to a fracture. Those in the habit of twisting, turning, and jumping quickly and rapidly such as basketball, hockey, soccer and volleyball players, may be more prone than the average Joe.
To prevent this type of injury, strengthen your ankle muscles by doing ankle lifts and similar exercises. Treat it by taking anti-inflammatory drugs and go for a rest for a short period of time.
Athletes suffer from shoulder pains, dislocations and sprains caused by swimming, basketball, volleyball, weightlifting and other sports that require the overall use of the body. They usually tear the muscle because of the continuing work up given to the frame. Symptoms include weakness, pain and stiffness of the upper body – and slipping of the shoulder.
To prevent shoulder injuries, continuously stretch and strengthen your muscles through weight training.
Obviously, this is an injury experienced by runners. Their knees become sprained, resulting in an immense pain at their legs. This injury occurs when excessive use of the knee muscles lead to irritation of the tendons below the kneecap. Aside from runners, swimmers cyclists, aerobics instructors, basketball and volleyball players may also endure a runner’s knee.
For prevention, use cushioned shoes and replace them regularly. Choose to run at an indoor track rather than on hard pavement. If something does happen to your knee, don’t exercise for at least two days. Take medicines and rest for a bit.